My mom recently asked me what the differences were between circuit racing, drag racing, and oval racing. For those of us who aren’t race freaks, this may prove helpful. I know that it will prove helpful for my mom.
Drag racing is for all essential purposes, putting a big, powerful motor into a lightweight car, and adding other go-fast goodies to it, and then going to the drag strip and winning. Ok, I wish it was that simple. Many of the fast drag racing cars that you see going hundreds of mph down a straight 1/4 “drag strip” are purpose built. The fast, cool cars that everybody loves are the Top Fuel dragsters. Those are the long, huge-engined cars that blast down the drag strip in just 5 seconds. But, there are also street-legal drag racers that are almost as quick. Hot Rod Magazine puts on an event every year called Hot Rod Drag Week. The fastest cars there in the Unlimited class consistently run low 7-second passes. It’s truly mind-boggling to watch a steel-bodied 1965 Chevrolet Nova II blast down the drag strip at 6.94 seconds. I have attached a video explaining the history of street legal drag racing, and I found it informative and fun. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TccUZOHuJuI
Circuit racing can mean two things. One is oval racing like NASCAR or IndyCar, which is not how I view it. The other is what they call “road-racing.” Road racing is essentially a twisty track paved with concrete, not sticky asphalt. It’s usually very fast, and it requires a lot of effort and concentration to wrangle a car around said track. Formula 1 runs many road courses every season, and NASCAR runs two road courses (Sonoma Raceway and Watkins Glen). But, the most well-recognized road race is the 24 Hours of Le Mans, as well as other endurance races. Road racing is taxing on the engine, transmission, suspension, and the driver. Darrell Waltrip (yeah, he’s the guy with the world-famous “Boogity, boogity, boogity) once said of Sonoma Raceway, “Floor the gas, upshift, mat the brakes, downshift, repeat.” That can be said for many road courses around the world. It’s not easy.
Oval racing is sometimes called circuit racing. I don’t know or care why. I just know that oval racing is NOT circuit racing. If you find out or know why, tell me. Anyhow, oval racing is NASCAR and IndyCar. It’s extremely fast, and it’s taxing on the driver. With NASCAR, pit stops are often between 8-20 seconds! Famous oval tracks are Daytona International Speedway, Talladega International Superspeedway, Bristol Raceway, and Darlington Raceway. Not only are all of those oval circuits fast, but they can have deadly consequences if you can’t get out of the way. Dale Earnhardt Sr.’s 2001 death at the Daytona 500 was a shock to the racing community, but it only highlighted just how deadly NASCAR is. Speeds reaching 200+ mph are common on these oval tracks. Bill Elliott once hit 210 mph at Talladega, which is a record that stands to this day.
Since I’m onto the different kinds of racing, I might as well do other kinds of racing.
Top-speed racing is kind of the thing nowadays. Standing mile events are common in several states, but the big top-speed races are at the Bonneville Salt Flats and El Mirage (El Mirage is a large dry lakebed in Southern California). The fastest run at Bonneville was 763 mph back in 1997, with Andy Green driving Thrust SSC. Not only did that break the sound barrier for the first time in a car, but Green is planning to hit 1,000 mph with Team Bloodhound SSC next year. Back to top-speed racing. It’s fast, and can be deadly. I have attached a Roadkill episode showing Freiburger and Finnegan chasing a top-speed record at Bonneville in a 1981 Chevrolet Camaro. It’s fast, funny, and surprisingly informative. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JEcbwvNaxE8
Drifting is where you take a RWD car, pull the handbrake, and break the rear end loose. Professional drifters include Vaughan Gittin, Jr., Ken Gushi, Tanner Foust, and Ken Block, just to name a few. Drifting originated in Japan in the mid-1970s, and it’s become a popular sport ever since. Typical drifting machines are RWD vehicles with either a GM LS-Series engine, or a turbocharged Toyota engine. Drifters are people who like to make lots of tire smoke and dial in a lot of opposite lock into the steering. Drifting a RWD car should be simple: If it’s a new car, defeat the traction and stability controls. Then, find a big, open space (without curbs or trees!), floor it, pull up on the handbrake, and the rear end will hopefully break out. If and when it does, steer INTO the drift! Steering away from the drift will spin the car and make you look like an idiot. Steer into the drift, and apply more steering and throttle as needed. If you feel uncomfortable, tap the brakes enough to get the rear end of the car to step back into line a bit. Also, make sure that you don’t have expensive tires on. Drifting eats up the treads surprisingly quickly, and you probably know that Pirelli P Zero Corsas aren’t exactly cheap. I have attached yet another video done by the Motor Trend Channel talking about turbos vs. V8s and drifting. It gives a unique perspective into drifting, and it’s got a TON of tire smoke! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3H8ItG5SK9o
Rallying can mean a couple of things. One is where you are given directions and you drive your car on public roads to a destination. The kind of rallying that most of us are familiar with is WRC and GRC (World Rally Cross and Global Rally Cross). Those rally machines look stock, but don’t be fooled! Ken Block and Tanner Foust are both professional drifters and rally drivers. They both happen to be very good. Ken Block’s Ford Fiesta looks like a stock Fiesta with aggressive tires, and a wild paint job, and a loud exhaust note. It’s got a lowered, heavy-duty suspension, a 650-horsepower twin-turbocharged four-cylinder, and a six-speed manual. It is FAST! Ken also is a cool, nice guy who loves dogs. Especially Alaskan Huskies. His two Huskies’ names are Yuki and Bentley.
Autocrossing is often sanctioned by the SCCA (Sports Car Club of America), and it involves weaving a car in between traffic cones. It’s fast, and it’s demanding on the suspension and tires. Yet, people flock to it year after year. It also is hard on the driver. Some cars happen to be extremely good at autocrossing, and the Meyers Manx dune buggy in the late 1960s-1970s was very good. It was light, fast, and it stuck to pavement like nothing else. Nowadays, the Mazda Miata is the go-to choice for autocrossers. I’ve attached the most recent Roadkill episode, where Freiburger and Finnegan attempt to beat a Kia Rio5 with all of their cars that still run. I won’t spoil which cars win for you. I’ll let you watch and laugh as they spin and throttle the Crusher Camaro, I’ll even let you watch and grimace as Finnegan blows up the parking assist pin in his wife’s 1969 Chevrolet El Camino, and watch as God-knows-what comes flying out of their 1968 Dodge Charger. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=II3z353OZWA
I think that I’ve covered just about everything here. If you find anything else that you can think of, let me know in the comments section. I will do another blog post on the different types of racing. I would love to, as it would help me immensely.
6 thoughts on “The Differences Between Circuit Racing, Drag Racing, and Oval Racing”
Thanks, that was helpful My husband has become an expert drifter…when his car is having engine trouble!!
You are most welcome!
How did my grandson become so knowledgeable.???
I didn’t realize. Zayzee was really a well known drifter!,,,,
I guess that I just know a lot about stuff like that!
Where does Hot Rod drag week occur, and when?
Thanks for educating me. So when I saw the Long Beach Grand Prix it was circuit racing, right? And the really loud race your Dad took me to was drag racing? See, I am an able student. Ish.
HOT ROD Drag Week occurs throughout the Midwest at the following tracks in one week. It goes from September 7-13, 2014
Sunday September 7, 2014: Registration & Test ‘n Tune; Tulsa Raceway Park, Tulsa, OK
Monday September 8, 2014: Day 1 Racing; Tulsa Raceway Park
Tuesday September 9, 2014: Day 2 Racing; Heartland Park, Topeka, KS
Wednesday September 10, 2014: Day 3 Racing; Thunder Valley Raceway Park, Noble, OK
Thursday September 11, 2014: Day 4 Racing; S.R.C.A. Drag Strip, Great Bend, KS
Friday September 12, 2014: Day 5 Finals; Tulsa Raceway Park, Tulsa, OK
Saturday, September 13, 2014: SPECIAL 10TH ANNIVERSARY DRAG WEEK HEADS-UP EVENT; Tulsa Raceway Park, Tulsa, OK
It’s grueling, and the goal is to get the lowest eclipsed time (ET) over the entire week to win your class. If you win your class, you get a jacket, and a whole lot of respect!